Medical Problems During Pregnancy

Mother and Baby Health during Pregnancy

When women are pregnant iron requirements considerably increase. Iron is important to have good hemoglobin level, thanks to which oxygen is delivered to the cells in the whole organism. When you are pregnant, you have more blood and, consequently, need to care about the additional blood. Blood test is taken by your practitioner during pregnancy… »

Toxemia – Pre-eclampsia and Hypertension in Pregnancy

For generations, the “toxemias of pregnancy” have perplexed physicans. The problem still does. We now know a lot more about the disease process than we did a 100 years ago…..but still have little clue of what causes it or how to prevent it. As recently as the early 1980’s, a reputable journal of obstetrics was… »

Gestational Diabetes

About 4% of pregnant women will develop a diabetes-like condition during their pregnancy. Like diabetes mellitis, women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitis (GDM) will have high blood sugars. If not treated, many of these women will give birth to very large babies, a condition known as macrosomia. The baby with macrosomia weighs over 4500 grams, 10… »

Diabetes Mellitis

Prior to the discovery of insulin (in 1922), the mortality rate of pregnant women with diabetes mellitis was 45%. It quicky dropped to 2% after the introduction of insulin. It became very clear that the pregnant woman with diabetes needed very special attention during her pregnancy. If you have insulin-dependent diabetes and are pregnant or… »

Fetal Fibronectin

You may start hearing more about a substance (and a test) called fetal fibronectin. Fibronectin is a protein that resides in the cells where the fetal membranes come in contact with the uterus. The fetal membranes are also known as the “bag of waters”, or amniotic sac. No one is certain what role fibronectin plays… »

Preterm Labor and Birth

9% of babies are born between the “age of viability” (about 26 weeks) and 37 weeks. These babies are born prematurely; before they are completely mature enough to function fully outside the mother. Modern medicine in the U.S. has not been able to significantly reduce the rate of premature delivery below about 9%. However, modern… »

Rh Sensitization

A woman with Rh-negative blood who becomes pregnant by an Rh-positive man creates the possibility of having a Rh-positive fetus inside a Rh-negative mother. In rare circumstances, if the blood of the fetus mixes with the mother’s blood (they’re not supposed to!), the mother makes “antibodies” against the fetus’s blood. These antibodies, if produced early… »


Anemia is a condition in which the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood is reduced. Almost all living creatures on earth require oxygen to sustain life. In humans the blood is responsible for carrying oxygen to the cells of the body. Without oxygen, the cells die. Anemia may be caused by many things. The most common… »